Butterfly Species Host Plants

Courtesy of Joyful Butterfly

Published with permission.

Caterpillar eating

Anise Swallowtail anise, parsley, carrot, dill, fennel, rue

Eastern Black Swallowtail anise, parsley, carrot, dill, fennel, rue, Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea)

Giant Swallowtail citrus, hop tree, prickly ash, rue

Pipevine Swallowtail Dutchman’s Pipe, pipevines (not the exotics), Virginia snakeroot

Spicebush Swallowtail spicebush (primarily), sassafras, camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphoravarious bays (Persea spp.)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, many broadleaf trees and shrubs, lilac, willow, birch, tuliptree, cherry

Zebra Swallowtail pawpaw

Monarch Milkweed (Asclepias)

Viceroy willow, poplar, aspen, apple, cherry, plum

Red-Spotted Purple apple, aspen, cherry, hawthorn, hornbeam, poplar, willow

Great Spangled Fritillary violets, (Viola tricolor)

Variegated Fritillary Violets, (Viola tricolor), pansies, stonecrops, passionflowers (Passiflora incarnata), plantains

Meadow Fritillary violets (Viola sororia, Viola pallens)

Mourning Cloak elm, poplar, willow

Question Mark elm, hackberry, hop, nettle, false nettle

Green Comma rhododendron, azalea, birch, willow

Red Admiral nettle, false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica), hop

Painted Lady members of the mallow family, Malva sylvestris, Tree mallow (Lavatera), thistles, goosefoots

American Painted Lady daisies, everlastings, other composites, Hollyhock (Alcea rosea), Pearly Everlastings

Buckeye plantain, snapdragon, stonecrop, verbena, (Verbena stricta), other garden flowers

Baltimore Checkerspot turtlehead (primarily), false foxglove, plantain, white ash

Pearly Crescents pot asters, New England Aster (A. novae-angliae)

Great Purple Hairstreak mistletoes

Gray Hairstreak cotton, mallows, strawberry, legumes, mints

American Copper sheep sorrel, curly dock, mountain sorrel

Tailed Blue  clovers, beans, peas

Spring Azure blueberry, California lilac, dogwoods, meadowsweet, viburnum

Cloudless Sulphur Senna marilandica, senna, clovers, other legumes

Clouded Sulphur clovers and other legumes, Wild Blue Indigo (Baptisia australis)

Orange Sulphur    white clover, alfalfa, vetch, lupine, Wild Blue Indigo (Baptisia australis)

Dogface false indigo, clovers, lupine, vetch, leadplant

Checkered White  crucifers, Cleome

Cabbage White Cabbage, Mustards, other crucifers, nasturtium

Zebra Longwing passionflowers, Passiflora incarnata

Gulf Fritillary passionflowers, Passiflora incarnata, Passiflora caerulea

Malachite yerba papagayo